There is a great article on the ARM mbed website about their support of LoRaWAN.
Their code has improved a lot this year. Previously, it was a little tricky to work with – there is now a clean install available on github that can be built locally from the command line on Mac, Windows or linux. using the GNU ARM embedded toolchain and mbed-os.
I describe below a simple recipe to use this code with the STMicro DISCO-L072CZ-LRWAN1 evaluation board (pictured). The code can be simply adapted to run with the sx1272 mbed shield on STMicro Nucleo boards and there is also support for the RAKWireless RAK811 node.
I am assuming that you have already registered your device in your application in your TTN console:
https://console.thethingsnetwork.org/applications/[your application name]/devices
1. Setup the GNU ARM embedded toolchain and install mbed-cli:
On a Windows 10 PC – just use the installer that you can download from here:
The Windows installer for Mbed CLI includes the following components:
- Python – Mbed CLI is a Python script, so you need Python to use it. The installer installs version 2.7.13 of Python. It is not compatible with Python 3
- Mbed CLI version 1.2.2 – Mbed CLI
- Git and Mercurial – Mbed CLI supports both Git and Mercurial repositories. Both Git and Mercurial are being installed.
hgare added to system’s PATH
- GNU Arm Embedded Toolchain – GNU Embedded Toolchain for Arm
- Mbed Windows serial port driver – serial port driver
Note that the Windows installer sets all paths and even configures some MBED variables
Check the path to the gcc compiler:
mbed config -L
On a Mac – use homebrew – remember to brew update && brew upgrade before installing
If you need to install homebrew first, then
/usr/bin/ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.githubusercontent.com/Homebrew/install/master/install)"
brew tap ArmMbed/homebrew-formulae brew install arm-none-eabi-gcc brew install python@2 brew install mercurial brew install git git clone https://github.com/ARMmbed/mbed-cli cd mbed-cli python setup.py install
Check the version of mbed-cli and that it is installed OK – version should be =>1.8.2
Check the install location of arm-none-eabi-gcc with
Set path for mbed
mbed config -G GCC_ARM_PATH "/usr/local/bin"
On a linux machine, here is a typical install (I used ubuntu xenial)
sudo apt-get install software-properties-common sudo add-apt-repository ppa:team-gcc-arm-embedded/ppa sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install gcc-arm-embedded sudo apt-get install build-essential libssl-dev libffi-dev libxml2-dev libxslt1-dev sudo apt-get install mercurial git python-dev python-pip pip install mbed-cli mbed-cli --version which arm-none-eabi-gcc mbed config -G GCC_ARM_PATH "/usr/bin"
2. Pull the example code from the mbed github and create the local mbed-os environment in the folder, using mbed-cli (note that ‘mbed-cli’ also works using just ‘mbed’)
mbed import mbed-os-example-lorawan cd mbed-os-example-lorawan/
3. Configure for your node
edit mbed_app.json to configure lora.device-eui, lora.application-eui, lora.application-key
4. compile and send to evaluation board (assumes there is only one ST-Link/Nucleo/DISCO board connected)
mbed compile -m DISCO_L072CZ_LRWAN1 -t GCC_ARM --flash
5. use mbed as your terminal emulator:
mbed sterm --baudrate 115200
Note that on linux, it may be necessary to change user permissions for the serial port, similar to:
sudo chmod 666 /dev/ttyACM0
6. press the black reset button on the DISCO board
You should see this:
Mbed LoRaWANStack initialized CONFIRMED message retries : 3 Adaptive data rate (ADR) - Enabled Connection - In Progress ...
After a few seconds, this should appear:
Connection - Successful Dummy Sensor Value = 2.1 25 bytes scheduled for transmission Message Sent to Network Server
Any questions? Please get in touch…